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Friday, January 10, 2014

Royal Chitwan National Park




Royal Chit-wan National Park (UNESCO Natural World Heritage Site)


The southern belt of Nepal is known as the Terai. It is low land area covered with dense subtropical forest. Here you will find some of the most exciting safari destinations in the world. The jungle safari activity includes canoeing, nature walks bird watching, excursions, and visit to an ethnic Tharu village in the jungle safari park.

Thanks to Nepal's extensive and effective Parks and Reserve systems, the country has managed to preserve more endangered species of flora and fauna than any other country in Asia. Now, the protected areas is Nepal include 14 National Parks, 3 Wild Life Reserves, one Hunting Reserves and 6 Conservation areas 11 Buffer Zones. Covering an area of 34,186.62 sq km, that is 23.23 percent of the total area of the country. Royal Chitwan National Park (932 sq.km.) Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserves (175 sq.km.) and Bardiya National Park (968 sq.km.) are most famous and popular.

Way To Royal Chitwan National Park




Chitwan National Park is the first National Park in Nepal. Formerly called Royal Chitwan National Park. It was established in 1973 and granted the status of a World Heritage Site in 1998.

Chitwan National Park has been one the country's treasures of natural wonders. The park is situated in south central Nepal, covering 932 sq.km in the subtropical lowlands of the of the inner TERAI. The area comprising the Tikauli forest-from Rapti river to the foot hills of Mahabharat-extending over an area of 175 sq.km.

The park consists of a diversity of ecosystems, including the Churia Hills, Ox-bow lakes and the flood plains of the Rapti River and Narayani Rivers. The western portion of the park is comprised of the lower but more rugged. "Someswar Hills". The park shares its western boundary with the "Parsa Widlife Reserves"

The Chitwan Valley consists tropical and subtropical forests. Sal forest cover 70 percent of the park.

The Park has a range of climatic seasons, each offering a unique experience. October through February with an average temp.. of 25*C offer an enjoyable climates. From March to June temperatures can reach as high as 43*C.

The Park offers interesting sites and activities. The display at the "Visitors Centre at Sauraha" provides fascinating information on wildlife and conservation programs. The women's user group's souvenir shop offers a variety of handicrafts and other local products for gifts and souvenirs.

Elephant Safari provides opportunity to get a closer view of endangered one-horned rhinoceros. One may also get a glimpse of the elusive Bengal Tiger. "The Elephant Breeding Centre" at "Khorsor". Inside the park there are seven resorts, run by Park Concessionaries that can provide lodging, fooding and access to wildlife activities providing many facilities.

Best Time To Visit Chitwan: 

October to May- Bird Watching.
December to March- Maximum temp. can reach up to 95 Fahrenheit (35*C) in April through September.
November through February are cooler months with average temp. around 67 Fahrenheit.

Get On:

  • Bharatpur Airport- Bharatpur, Nepal is about 10km.
  • By Bus: Take the Tourist Bus from Kathmandu or Pokhra. Stop in at one of the many Tour Agencies (in either city) at least 1-2 days before your journey. From Kathmandu, Chitwan is about 4 hours ( cost is approx NPR 350 for standard tourist bus, no A/C) From Pokhra, it maybe 6 hours, when you arrive in Chitwan ( the village) you will need to take a horse cart or bicycle rickshaw, the 7 km into the tiny village that sauraha. The nearest bus-stand is Narayanghat which has guest houses around it. NPR 400 per way to Kathmandu for 3 persons in Tyota.
Fees/Permit

For all activities inside and outside, visitors must pay NPR 500 for a park permit, update: 24/06/2012, the fees have increased for SAARC Nationals and Foreign Tourists the fees have been raised from Rs 200 and Rs 500 to Rs 750 and Rs 1,500 per person respectively.

See:
  • Gharial Breeding Centre, Kasara 1 km. A Crocodile Breeding Centre.
  • Lake Lamital
  • Lake Devital
  • Bikram Baba- a religious site.
  • Chitwan Hatisar Elephant Breeding Centre
  • Bishajari Tal (20000 lakes)
  • World Elephant Polo Competetion
  • Local Native Dances
  • Kailaspuri.
Brief Introduction:

Activities: Jungle Safari on elephant back, Jungle Walk, Canoe Ride, Jeep Drive, Experience of Tharu Culture.
Accommodation: Resort Hotels and Lodges.
Access: The Park Headquaters at Kasara is a 21-km from Bharatpur which is 20 minutes by air or 146 km by road from Kathmandu.
Wildlife: 56 species of mammals that include, one-horned Rhinoceros, Royal Bengal Tiger, Rhesus Monkey, Languor, Geer Leopard, Gaur, Wild Boar, Wild Dog and Wild Cat. 49 species of amphibians and reptiles that include the endangered Long shouted Gharial, Marsh Mugger Crocodile and Python.
Birds: 539 species of birds that include Summer migrants, Birds like Paradis Flycatcher, Indian Pitta and Parakeets etc, during, while Winter Birds include Water Fowl, Brahminyducks, Pintails, Bar-Headed Geese, Cosmo rants and migratory Birds from Siberia.
Vegetation: Deciduous forest with 600 Plant Species.
Best Season: October-March (average temperature 25 degree Celsius); April-June (hot, up to 43 degrees Celsius), July-September (rainy).
Park Headquarters: Kasara.
Added Attraction: Devighat, Padavnagar, Balmiki Ashram, Kabilaspur, Chepang Hills Trails.
Entrance Fees: Nepali-Rs 100 per day per entry, SAARC Nationals- Rs 750 per person per day, Foreigners-Rs 1,500 per person per day.