Google+ Adventure Holidays : 2017

Monday, June 12, 2017

Kathmandu Darbar Square- A World Heritage Site


Image result for kathmandu durbar square

History Behind 3 Durbar Squares of Kathmandu

Durbar Square refers to the places near Nepal’s Royal Palaces of the past. Temples, idols, statues, open courts and fountains along with other structures form part of Durbar Square. In the past Durbar Squares had been witness to events of importance including coronation of kings of the land. Now united as one country, Nepal was once a land that consisted many small kingdoms. Durbar Squares are fine examples of the life and style of the ancient kingdom. The famous three Durbar Squares in Nepal are Kathmandu Durbar Square, Patan Durbar Square and Bhaktapur Durbar Square. UNESCO has declared these squares as World Heritage Sites.

Kathmandu Durbar Square: Kathmandu Durbar Square is one of the important historic and tourist destinations in Nepal. It is also famously called as Basantapur Durbar Square and Hanuman Dhoka Durbar Square. This spectacular Durbar Square reflects the artistry that prevailed in the past. Kathmandu Durbar Square houses palaces and ancient temples that belong to the periods between 12th and 18th centuries. Kathmandu Durbar Square lies in the heart of ancient city in Kathmandu. Locally also called as Hanuman Dhoka. It is one of three Durbar (Royal Palace) squares in the Kathmandu Valley in Nepal, all of which are "UNESCO World Heritage Site." It is a cluster of ancient temples, palaces, courtyards and streets that date back to the 12th and the 18th centuries. The square is known to be the social religious and urban focal points of the capital city. It consists of two divisions, which are referred to as outer complex and inner complex. The outer complex has famous temples namely Taleju Temple, Jagannath Temple, Shiv-Parvati Temple, Big Bell and Kumari Bahal. The inner complex has old palace, courtyards, Basantapur Durbar, Hanuman Dhoka and other structures. The palace in the complex was the residence of the Nepalese Royal family until 19th century and coronation of kings took place here. The temples representing Hindu and Buddhist faiths are constructed in pagoda style. The stunning architecture involved in the construction of temples and palaces in Kathmandu Durbar Square makes the place one of the most frequented tourist destinations. 

Major Attractions in Kathmandu Durbar Square: 

The Taleju TempleThe square’s most magnificent temple stands at its northeastern extremity but is not open to the public. Even for Hindus admission is restricted; they can only visit it briefly during the annual Dasain festival. Taleju Temple is the tallest of all structures, built by King Mahendra Malla in 1549 AD. The temple is a famous Hindu and Jain religious site.

The Jagannath Temple: built in the 16th century. The Jagannath Temple is recognized as the finest of the group near Hanuman Dhoka. Exquisite wood-carvings embellish the doors, windows and roof struts, depicting a panoply of gods from the Hindu pantheon. Originally dedicated to Vishnu the shrine was later re-dedicated to Jagannath.
Mahendreshvara Temple: The simple yet beautiful temple was built by King Mahendra Malla and is dedicated to the Hindu Lord Shiva in the form of Pashupati. The temple was destroyed in a 1934 earthquake and rebuilt thereafter. The temple is a memorial to its founder.

Hanuman Dhoka is the main attraction in the area and also serves as museum. Though believed to be built in Licchari periods, most of the remaining part was built by king Pratap Malla in 17th century. Palace facade turns at right angles between the Degutale Temple and the Taleju Mandir. This way is created Hanuman Dhoka (Hanuman is a monkey god). Hanuman idol placed in the dhoka has been anointed with mustard oil and vermilion through the centuries.

Shiva Temple:  It is one of the famous temples in Kathmandu Square Durbar. Dedicated to Shiva and Parvati, the temple is believed to be reconstructed later. The Shiva Temple in Darbar Square is a replica of the Jaisi Deval and was built by Riddhi Lakshmi in 1690.

Kumari Bahal:  Kumari Bahal is the abode of Living Goddess. Built in the year 1757, it resembles a monastery. A girl chosen to be living goddess of the town lives in the place until she reaches puberty after which she returns to her normal life.

Kasthamandapa:  Kasthamandap or house of wood is the building which gave Kathmandu its name. Legend narrates that the whole building is constructed from a Single Sal tree. At first it was a community hall where local people gathered for important ceremonies but later it was converted to a Temple of Gorakhnath. The image of Gorakhnath glitters at the center of the building.

Bhandarkal: Bhandarkal is yet another attraction in Kathmandu Durbar Square. It is a botanical garden established by King Pratap Mall during 17th century. The garden earns its name after a palace that houses the statue of Jalashayana Narayan, the Sleeping Vishnu. With wide range of fauna, Bhandarkal is haven for nature lovers.

Patan Durbar Square

Image result for patan darbar

Patan, also known as Lalitpur, is located on the south of Bagmati River and it is one amongst the three royal cities in Kathmandu valley. It is also the oldest among the three cities. Patan Durbar Square has been declared as World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Famous for its rich cultural heritage, Patan is home to fine arts. The splendid woodcarvings and metal statues speak stories of the skills of artisans. Considered to be established during the 3rd century BC, Patan is a cultural center where many festivals are celebrated every year. Four Ashoka Stupas built in four cardinal points of Patan are considered very important architectural treasures of the land. The Stupas are said to be built by Emperor Ashoka during 250 BC. Temples, palaces, statues and stone baths are some of the constructions found in Patan Durbar Square. Given below are some of the famous places in Patan Durbar Square.

Major Attractions In Patan Durbar:

Patan Museum: Patan Museum ranks among the best museums in the Asian continent. The museum is situated in an ancient palace, which dates back to 1734. The collections in the museum depict the rich cultural history of Nepal. Most of the collections are bronze statues and gilt copper objects. The garden adjacent to the museum offers a pleasant sight and a peaceful resting place.

Godavari Botanical Garden: Godavari Botanical Garden is situated on the southern side of Patan Durbar Square. The garden has a wide range of plants and the dense forest offers great scope for bird watching and hiking. It is also a famous picnic spot.

Kumbeshwor Temple: Kumbeshwor Temple is one among the two 5-tier temples in Nepal. It is dedicated to Lord Shiva. The temple dates back to 1391 and it was initially a two-tiered construction. The natural spring inside the temple is considered to come from the famous Gosainkunda Lake.

Bhaktapur Durbar Square
Image result for bhaktapur durbar square earthquake

Bhaktapur Durbar Square presents a combination of pagoda and shikhara style of temples. The place is an architect’s delight as it is a fine specimen of sculptures and woodcarvings. The temples are located around the fifty-five window palace made of brick and wood. Bhaktapur Durbar Museum represents the traditional art of Nepal. The ancient city engages you with a fine display of magnificent local products, pottery, and various other artworks apart from the beautiful temples. Some of the most important places in Bhaktapur Durbar Square are:

55 Window Palace: Dating back to 15th century AD, 55 Window Palace is a marvelous construction that displays architectural splendor in a very fine form. It was built by King Yakshay Malla and later was renovated by King Bhupatindra Malla during 17th century. The palace derives its name from the unique construction of 55 windows in a balcony, which is a fine example of woodcarving.

Major Attraction In Bhaktapur Durbar Square:

The Golden Gate:  The main entrance to the courtyard of ancient palace of 55 Windows, Golden Gate, is an awe-inspiring specimen of architectural excellence. King Ranjit Malla erected the Golden Gate, which is embellished with mythical creatures.
The Lion Gate:  The Lion Gate was erected in 1696 AD. It has two big-sized lion statues on either side. The statues of Lord Shiva and Ugrachandi are compelling attractions of the gate. It is believed that Bhadgaon King cut off artisans’ hands after they completed the artwork to ensure that such work is not repeated elsewhere.

The Art Gallery: The Art Gallery houses ancient paintings representing the faiths of Hinduism and Buddhism. The gallery is frequented by researchers of these faiths to obtain an insight into the traditions that prevailed in the past.

All the three famous Durbar Squares give you an insight into the life and style of the ancient kingdom. The well-constructed temples and other structures display the artistic minds behind such delivery. Touring these parts of Kathmandu is sure to delight you and elevate your spirits several planes higher. These places are not just feast to your eyes; they take you further to enjoy the essence of the cultural heritage of the land.





Back To Top

Map Of The City


Friday, May 26, 2017

11 Popular Tourist Attractions You Must Visit When In Chitwan

Image result for chitwan national park
Chitwan National Park-Nepal


Chitwan National Park is Asia's best National Park for viewing wild-life. Chitwan National Park is a major tourism destination-one of Nepal's most popular with numbers of visitors increasing steadily.

Of all the world's remaining jungles, one of the most enchanting is Royal Chitwan National Park in the Himalayan Kingdom of Nepal. Here at Chitwan Jungle Lodge, you will discover a lost world of towering trees with twisting vines, prehistoric rhino, lumbering elephants, crocodiles, pythons, deer, brilliantly colored birds.

Aside from the natural beauty and wildlife to be seen in the park, higlights of Citwan National Park and its surrounding area include Elephant Breeding Center, Wild-life display and information center, Tharu Villages that surround the park, Tharu Cultural museum, and the bird education Society.

To fully experience the jungle, you must live within it-nothing less will do.

Different activities in Chitwan National Park

  1. Elephant Back Safari
  2. Jeep Safari
  3. Elephant Breeding Center
  4. Jungle Wal/ Safari
  5. Canoe Ride
  6. Village Walk
  7. Cultural Program
  8. Elephant Bathing
  9. Crocodile Breeding Center
  10. Ox- Cart or Pony Ride
  11. Bish Hajar Taal Trip
Image result for elephant back safari in chitwan 
Elephant Back Safari  Elephant Ride or also called Elephant Safari is a major attraction and the most popular and adventurous  way in Chitwan to encounter with the and number of reptiles scores of wild animals including rare One- Horned Rhinos and to elusive Royal Bengal Tigers as well as hundreds of species of Birds and  number of Reptiles,Wild Boar, Red Deer and other creatures of the jungle can be seen when you are at the back of the trained elephants and around the Jungles. The experienced Mahouts take you deep into the forest to ensure more sights of animals at closest possible distance to make your trips more enjoyable and meaningful.
Image result for jeep safari in chitwan 
Jeep Safari: Jeep Safari is an exciting ride in CNP. You can take nature best view on open top Jeep into the dense forest of Jungle. Through the open jeeps, visitors can catch glimpses of rare wild flora and fauna in their natural habitats. Jeep drive will also take you to 'Crocodile Breeding Center' at Kasara of CNP's headquarters, where you can observe breeding activities of Crocodile.


To do the Jeep Safari you get two option: 

The first option is a short safari, this will take about 4 hours and you are in the jeep with a maximum of 7 persons. With your back you will sit to the side of the jeep. The safari will start around 13.00 P.M. and finishes around 17.00 P.M.

The second option is a full day safari. The jeep is more comfortable, better seats and a private car. This trip will start early in the morning and finish around the same as the short drive. 

Tip: During a jeep safari you should not wear bright colors. This will scare the animals so off white, black, grey, dark green are preferred.

Image result for elephant breeding center in chitwanElephant Breeding Center Located 3km outside Sauraha next to Chitwan National Park. Nepal is one of the few large elephant breeding centers in the world. It's accessible by tour, boat or by walking from Sauraha which is about 3km.

The Sauraha elephant breeding center was established in 1989 with 5 stud bulls and 15 females along with 6 babies. Today there are 20+ elephants within the breeding center. The center was set up to try to increase the population of the Asian elephant in the region through breeding. You will have an opportunity to visit the breeding center.

Entrance Fees:
  1. 50/60 Rupees for a Foreigner
  2. 25 Rupees for SAARC Countries
  3. 10 Rupees for Nepalese.
Opening Hours:6am to 6pm

Image result for jungle walk in chitwan Jungle Walk / Safari Jungle Walk is one of the adventurous and entertaining activity of Sauraha. One can walk through dense forest around the natural habitat of the wild animals during the jungle walk. Sauraha is considered as the best destination in Nepal for Jungle Walk. If experiencing the wild plains of Nepal and bird watching interests you, you take a jungle walk with naturalist. This walk provides you with the ideal situation of viewing the wild animals very close. Bird watching is always best on foot. Specialist will help you spot identify the different varieties of birds, both local and migratory, that are found in Nepal.


Image result for tharu village walkTharu Village Walk The Jungle Scenery, birds and animals alone do not make up the unique features of Chitwan National Park. The indigenous local people, the Tharus, are also of immense interest.Tharu is an ethnic group indigenous to the Terai, the Southern foothills of the Himalayas in Nepal and India. They are people of the forest in Chitwan, they have lived in the forest for hundreds of years, practicing a short fallow shifting cultivation. They planted rice, mustard, corn and lentils, but also collected forest products such as wild fruits, vegetables, medicinal plants and materials to build their houses, hunted deer, rabbit and wild boar and went fishing in the rivers and oxbow lakes. They are recognized as an official nationality by the government of Nepal. The majority of Tharu live in Nepal where they constitute 13.5% of the total population. They are also several endogenous sub-groups of Tharu. The Tharu village is situated very close to the Royal Chitwan National Park.

The village tour is famous for close and personal observation of the Tharu culture. The village itself is comprised of several mud and reed huts. Domestic and farm animals roam around or are in enclosure. There's a small museum there which displays the tools and traditional clothes people use out in the fields. As you walked into the village you realized that the villagers were much used to tourists and lens flare. Tharu village walk revealed a lot of things, such as to witness the daily life-style and activities of the Tharu communities. A professional guide/ expert naturalist will accompany you through the area and help you gather insights into the Tharu way of life.

Image result for Tharu Cultural Program in ChitwanTharu Cultural Program The Tharu Cultural Program organized at Sauraha, Meghauli plays a significant role to entertain the tourist visiting Chitwan. The Tharus People in colorful traditional costumes, unique in their disparity with the common  mode of dress all over Nepal, are sure to captivate you. Tourists get full entertainment by the Tharu dances. Dances like Danda Naach (Stick Dance), Ago Naach (Fire Dance), Mayur Dance (Peacock Dance) are some the popular highlights of the cultural program. The program start at 6pm to 8 pm every evening or on demand and lasts for 45 minutes. 


Image result for elephant bathing in chitwanElephant Bathing Elephant Bathing is also an exciting entertainment activities available to the tourist in Sauraha.It takes place in the bank Rapti River from 10 A.M. to 11.30 A.M.daily. Elephant Bath is done by sitting in the top of the elephant where elephant splashes water by its trunk toward you.You can enjoy with playful elephants in deep water of Rapti River where you can also have opportunity for dipping and diving. Elephant Bathing is one of the life time experiences you ahve in Chitwan National Park. 

Related imageCrocodile Breeding Center Crocodile breeding center is one of the most enjoyable program which is the part of Jeep Safari in Chitwan National Park. The endangered program is receiving attention of Chitwan National Park. Along with the Crocodile you can enjoy viewing scary Mugger Crocodile.



Image result for ox cart in tharu villageOx Cart or Pony Ride Chitwan Ox Cart or Pony Ride is one of the best option to explore Tharu Village in Sauraha, Chitwan. One Ox Cart can accommodate 6 person once where tour guide will be there explain about the indigenous Tharu Community's culture and their lifestyle and other many things. Ox Cart and Pony Ride is environment friendly and always funny way to explore Tharu Village.

Image result for bish hajar taal trip in chitwanBish Hajar Taal Trip: This lake is listed in world list of swamps and is situated 6 km south east of Bharatpur one of the famous tourist destination.  Bish Hajar Taal in Chitwan which is also known as 20 Hajar Tal is renowned for bird watching place and home of different species of birds along with migrant birds. 20 thousand lake is also famous for alternative jeep safari when inside National Park Jeep Safari is closed.
  

Watch Video Top 9 Best Things to Do in Chitwan, Nepal



Want to know the top best things to do in Chitwan National Park and Sauraha, Nepal?Visitors give you his best suggestions based on several visits to this great place.


How To Get Chitwan National Park


Related imageBy Land Chitwan is easily accessible from major cities of Nepal like Kathmandu, Pokhra and Lumbini. By the easiest way to reach Chitwan is by Tourist Bus from Kathmandu (Rs 500, Five to Seven Hours). Buses leave the Thamel End of Kantipath in Kathmandu at around 7am. From Pokhra Tourist Buses (Rs 400 to 450, Five to Seven Hours). Depart from the Tourist Bus Stand at 7am.
Image result for raft immages

By Raft You will get to Chitwan National Park by Rafting on the Trishuli River. If you're lover of adventurous sports you get thrilling moment in Trishuli River. Without guide it's dangerous.


Image result for plane images

By Air  If you're bound for Chitwan, the best option is to fly into Bharatpur and take taxi (Rs 1800-2000 to Sauraha). Both Buddha Air and Yeti Airlines offer daily flights to Bharatpur from Kathmandu (US $ 106- 30 minutes). Planes Tickets to Chitwan are available from nearly all Travel Agencies in Kathmandu. Flights run daily depending on numbers. Travel agents and Hotels can make booking.


Best Time To Visit Chitwan

Image result for weather images Visiting any city at the opprtune time is important to explore and enjoy and to make your holidays memorable. The best month for good weather in Chitwan National Park are January, February, March, April, October, November and December.


  • On an average, the warmest months are April, May and June.
  • January is the driest month.
  • The rainiest months are July and August.